After WW1, there was a significant level of uncertainty in America. The fear was that the Communist Revolution would desecrate America. The fear of the unknown future ultimately outweighed the ability to make a better deliberation on the critical matter, and this put the civil liberties of the people at stake.
The plight eventually gave birth to the United Nations and other human and civil rights defenders. Although some states are still imposing stringent policies that challenge the survival of these human rights organizations, The UNHRC had extended their calls for nations to protect and facilitate the humanitarian efforts of these institutions. Read more: Phoenix New Time and Village Voice Media | Wikipedia
Having identified the horrifying extent to which civil liberty human rights violation had reached, a collection of ten persons made the step to form the American Civil Liberties Union. That was back then during the 1920s. The primary reason for its formation was to protect the freedom of speech, with the aim of empowering anti-war protests.
During its first decade in operation, ALCU focused on protecting striking industrial employees. It was through its partnership with the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) to mitigate racial segregation and discrimination at its height. In 1930, the institution devised a plan of action to combat police brutality and misconduct, as well as offering support to the Native Americans.
ACLU founder, Rodger Baldwin, once exclaimed,” Unless we have enough people who are willing and able to stand and defend their rights, we cannot become a democracy.” These may not be the exact structure of his exclamation, but it is through this philosophical thinking, which made their victory against racial discrimination in public schools, a standing monument of the particular desire by Mr. Baldwin to have a democratic society nourished by people enjoying civil liberty. In 1954, ACLU, together with NAACP, influenced the Supreme Court to rule in favor of the case presented by ACLU in the Brown vs. Board of Education hearing. Learn more about Jim Larkin: http://www.azcentral.com/story/news/politics/immigration/2014/12/16/proceeds-arpaio-suit-fund-asu-journalism-chair/20480479/
However, as strange and as imponderable as life is, adversities continue to plague humanity. An instance of such sort was vividly evident after the 9/11 attack. Since that devastating terror attack, ACLU has vehemently worked to oppose national security laws and policies that are adamantly implemented at the expense of the civil rights and freedoms.
ACLU’s campaign against human right violation continues, with a stronger focus to protect the traditionally discriminated communities and the marginalized groups. Among these groups are immigrants, prisoners, physically handicapped, gay people and women.
The Lacey and Larkin Fontera Fund
The Phoenix New Times and Village Voice Media founding duo, Michael Lacey and Jim Larkin have donated the settlement amount due to their unlawful arrest by Joe Arpaio, Maricopa County Sheriff, in a bid to financially support organizations that protect migrant right in Arizona.
Their apprehension took place on 18 October 2007, and this elicited a 3.75 million-dollar compensation fund. The two were arrested from their abode at night, and taken to jail because of unveiling a grand jury sitting that wanted to obtain journalistic reports that featured the sheriff. Further, the revelation highlighted the intention by the jury to know the identity of internet users who had read online New Times articles regarding the sheriff.
Apart from its concern with civil and human rights, the Lacey and Larkin Fund is diligently dedicated to supporting this course on the Mexican Border.